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Management

When you have used an idea from a book, journal article etc., you must acknowledge this in your text and add a reference list or bibliography at the end of your work.

Always check referencing advice given by your department in student handbooks or with lecturers if in doubt, as some conventions may vary. If you do not acknowledge another writer's work or ideas, you could be accused of plagiarism. Accurate referencing can improve your marks! Referencing is commensurate with good academic practice and enhances the presentation of your work.

TIP: Use a reference manager to help you compile a bibliography:

Refworks is designed to help manage and generate citations and bibliographies. Register (for free) whilst on a University computer with your username and password. After that you can log-in anywhere.

The full citation guide from Harvard.

Key Points for Citing and Referencing

When you have used an idea from a book, journal article etc., you must acknowledge this in your text and add a reference list or bibliography at the end of your work.

Always check referencing advice given by your department in student handbooks or with lecturers if in doubt, as some conventions may vary. If you do not acknowledge another writer's work or ideas, you could be accused of plagiarism. Accurate referencing can improve your marks! Referencing is commensurate with good academic practice and enhances the presentation of your work.

Presentation on Plagiarism, Citing and Referencing

Reference Management Software

Copyright

Copyright protects all original works: essays, novels, poems, photographs, music, and many more. It protects the author's right to decide how their work is used, and places restrictions on re-use of any original work, or part of. 

You are permitted to quote, or make photocopies or scans of, material for your own research/private study, providing that you make one copy for yourself only, that does not exceed the following:

  • 5% or one chapter of a book, whichever is the greater.
  • 5% or one whole article from a journal, whichever is the greater.
  • 5% or one whole paper from a set of conference proceedings or published report of judicial proceedings, whichever is the greater.
  • 5% of an anthology of short stories or poems; or one short story or one poem of no more than 10 pages, whichever is the greater.

Broadcasting/using sections of recorded material (video, audio, or both) is permitted for educational purposes - including examination ie. using clips in a film submitted for your dissertation. However, always cite your quotations, as you would with written material.

For more information, please see the Library's copyright webpages.